Martyrdom, violence, and dignity

Alease Brown

Resumo


This article reconsiders historically based arguments for Christian martyrdom, subjecting the tradition to an analysis suited to liberation of the marginalized. It begins with a description of the historical development of scholarship on martyrdom. From there, the essay analyzes Moss’s arguments regarding the discursive use of the image of the martyr, alongside Recla’s arguments regarding the Christian martyr as autothanatos, one who enacts self-death. Moss and Recla demonstrate the simultaneous fabrication and erasure of violence from the narratives of martyrdom. The article reconciles these opposing conclusions by applying the contextual lens of honor/shame to the analysis of martyrdom. Doing so reveals that, more than attempts to emphasize violence and/or suffering, martyrs, as culturally marginalized persons, represent for early Christians, the ideal Christian life--attitude of the marginalized, which is that of making radical claims of and to human dignity.


Palavras-chave


Martyr; martyrdom; violence; existentialism; marginalized; honor/shame; Candida Moss

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PDF (English) (English)


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22351/et.v59i1.3618

Direitos autorais 2019 Alease Brown

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional.

 

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-SemDerivações 4.0 Internacional

 ISSN 0101-3130 (impresso) ISSN 2237-6461 (eletrônico)


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